The art program in many schools traditionally has been viewed as a particularly favorable setting for educating students with special needs. In art children are able to interact with such materials as paint or clay in direct response to their senses of sight,sound, smell, and touch. The materials of art are sensory, concrete, and manipulable in direct ways that are unique within the school curriculum. All the senses can be brought into interaction, providing opportunities to adapt art-making activities for students who have some sensory or motor impairment. (Source: Children and Their Art, Methods for the Elementary School, Eighth Edition)
Modifications for lesson plans are often needed in cases of students with special needs. The same standards should be taught to each student but the method by which to teach them can change from student to student. Here are some examples of what some of those modifications might look like.
African Savanna Watercolor Resist
Maasai Color Wheel
- Physical Disability: Provide a variety of sizes and shapes for drawing and painting instruments to meet the individual needs of different children.
- Cognitive Disability: Allow overly active children to stand at their table while painting, this position can be easier to maintain than sitting in a chair.
- Giftedness: For students who finish early have books based on Africa/Kente Cloth available for them to read.
Family Portrait Contours
Symmetrical African Mask
Resource: The Inclusive Early Childhood Classroom by Patti Gould & Joyce Sullivan